ISO 14001 specifies requirements for an Environmental Management System to enable an organization to develop and implement a policy and its objectives which take into account legal requirements and other requirements to which the organization subscribes, and information about significant environmental aspects. It applies to those environmental aspects that the organization identifies as those which it can control and those which it can influence. It does not itself state specific environmental performance criteria.
ISO 14001:2004 is applicable to organizations that wish to establish, implement, maintain and improve an environmental management system, to assure itself of conformity with its stated environmental policy, and to demonstrate conformity with ISO 14001.
All the requirements in ISO 14001 are intended to be incorporated into any environmental management system. The extent of the application will depend on factors such as the environmental policy of the organization, the nature of its activities, products and services and the location where and the conditions in which it functions.
Benefits of ISO 14001:2004
- Reduced insurance premiums; waste handling costs; water and air permitting fees
- Cost savings with greater emphasis on resource, waste and energy management
- Legal environmental liability
- Improved environmental performance of supply chain
- Protected company, assets, shareholders and directors
- Developed corporate image and credibility
- Quantified, monitored and controlled impact of operations on the environment
- Ensured legislative awareness and compliance
- Decreased public liability insurance costs for organisation
- Increased access to business partners and potential customers
- Evaluated system performance through management review
Principles of ISO 14001:2004
- Establishment of objectives and processes required
- Implementation of the processes
- Continual Improvement Process
- Measurement and monitoring of the processes and report results